Cheile Turzii Turda Gorges fall certainly among the most beautiful and impressive gorges in Romania, a beautiful karst landscape over 3 km long river Hasdate conducted by a small tributary of Aries in Jurassic limestones of northeastern Trascau. Reserve Complex (geology, flora, fauna, archeology) in which is included the houses over 60 caves of which the most important are the Bat Cave, Cave hungarian, Morarilor Cave, Cave Binder, Citadel Great Cave, Cave Modoloaie, hidden cave, but and a series of rocky corners, columns, steep walls, some over 100 m a special place is the cathedral of stone called Rooster with Colt Fortress Colt Tower yellowish Bors Tower. Besides exceptional landscape accommodating a number of Turda Gorge plants and animals protected or rare. The keys are numerous species of butterflies of the genera Eubleme, Phybalopterix, Heterogynis, Dysaukes and plant species: rocky garlic (Allium obliquum) and mountain ash (Sorbus Dacian). Turda Gorges caves are famous for the fact that turdenii here have found shelter in history whenever there were invasions of migrating peoples. Turda Gorges traces of human presence in these caves show since the Middle Paleolithic, Neolithic and culture belonging to Cotofeni.
Cheile-Turenilor Scientific and touristic importance of this objective has resulted Office for National Heritage to investigate the conditions required by the Statute of mixed nature reserve (archaeological interest, flora, fauna and landscape). Has been achieved perimeter reserve, ending full bornarea lens. Turenilor Gorge Caves (the most important of which are the called of virginity and Fairies) were investigated by cavers and Joseph George Racoviţă Viehman in specialized institute in Cluj-Napoca. It is being developed a complete monograph of this natural monument by specialists OJPCN and the Museum of History, naturalist and archaeologist George Victor Catanas ZoiaKalmar Lazarovici and which will soon be published thus offering tourists a rich source of documentation. The earliest traces of human habitation dates back Turenilor Gorge fifth millennium BC and belong to the cultural Cluj – Turda Gorges – New World. Other finds date from the Final Neolithic era and bronzului.Din Romanian Dacian era were discovered a little house I dated centuries BC – I AD and several observation points about the Roman camp of Potaissa. Podere terrace traces were found in the final etnogenezeii dating Romanian and early feudalism (V-XII centuries). In Turenilor Gorge caves were found traces proving their seasonal habitation since ancient times. Tourists’ attention is drawn to a mound with a diameter of 40 meters and a height of 3 meters, located on the hill Ghienghe to point to the ant, the tumulus graves have recently been investigated in the early Bronze Age.
castrul-roman The camp is the largest camp Potaissa legion with long service life in Dacia. The long sides (north and south) of 573 m and the short (east and west) by 408 m, giant rectangle that describes it fort occupies an area of ​​23.37 ha. The orientation and position, the camp of the principal prescriptions Potaissa military technicians of the era in which it was built. Thus Decumani is oriented towards the highest (to the west) camp is located on a plateau protected from floods and torrents, but plenty of good close to a stream. Plateau has dominance over the ancient city and the surrounding territories (absolute altitude 375 m), being built about 40 m, which allowed good visibility from camp to considerable distance. The road to the camp Napoca be followed by actual village right Aiton.
Biserica reformata Calvinist Reformed Church of Turda-Old, the oldest preserved monument in Turda, is located in the center (address: str.Haşdeu No.1) In the vicinity of the Republic, Lapidary and former princely palace (now the Museum of History). It was built in the early 15th century, the time of Hungarian King Sigismund of Luxembourg (1387-1437), on the site of an even older church.
Second church, built during the reign of Sigismund of Luxembourg around 1400 (the present church) was designed in the Gothic style, with one ship in length (current) 26 m, width 8.5 m and height Originally it was 16 m long by 5-10 m, with the east (Republic Square) usual choir / altar, with ogival arches cross, choir which was demolished with the construction of the surrounding fortress (the church no longer fit in inside defensive walls, placed across from the fortress; choir / altar had to be sacrificed to a length of 5-10 m, Explains unusual appearance unsightly east side of the church, without chorus / Gothic portal and the altar, missing). Instead choir demolished (the new defensive wall) was built in the 17th century bell tower, which collapsed in 1862 (the foundation gave). New Tower (actual) clock, with a height of 60 m, was built between 1904-1906.
Western and northern facades of the church are the most beautiful. West facade with ornate entrance framed by a portal, the typical elements of Gothic style of the early fifteenth century. The axis of the west facade there is a portal, finished arch. Western portal is decorated with motifs of oak leaves. Northern facade features five buttresses and a second portion (permanently closed). The interior of the church was damaged by fire in the seventeenth century. Interior decoration is the most subsequent rework operations. Church (originally Roman Catholic) passed in 1564 (until today) the Calvinist Reformed confession.
Monument Mihai Viteazu Initially this place, his wife (Mrs. Rock) with permission of Gabriel Báthory prince of Transylvania, managed to raise a Byzantine chapel, later destroyed intentionally by Hungarian nationalist fanatics. The chapel was built in the form of crosses, as represented on a watercolor made ​​in 1820 acquired Turdean history Téglás István (1853-1915), then by Count József Kemeny (1795-1855) of Luncani.
In the late nineteenth century, the town priest Vasile Moldovan unit Sanmihaiu today common Michael the Brave, bought the land with the tomb, to protect from other profanity.
In the former chapel was built in 1923 by the Women’s Committee of Turda a Roman wooden crucifix on the recommendation and the desire of King Ferdinand I, expressed his visit, along with Queen Mary, the Turda in 1919. Making crucifix was made possible with the support of “historical monuments Society” in Bucharest. Wooden crucifix, currently on display at the Historical Museum of Turda (1977) is crafted in traditional style. It has engraved inscription: “Here was slain the great prince Michael the Brave on August 9, 1601”.
New Monument (obelisk) was inaugurated on 5 May 1977. 1601 cm tall (year evokes death in 1601), the sculptor Marius Butunoiu obelisk. It is made of reinforced concrete, travertine Ruschita plated on a rectangular base tuff. It has three sides, symbolizing the three Romanian principalities united under Michael the Brave in 1601. On each side there is the coat of arms of the three Romanian principalities, made ​​of white marble Simeria (like the tomb plate) by artist Basil Russian Cluj Batin.
Near the monument was built in 2005 Mihai Voda Church, copy Mihai Voda Church built in Bucharest by Michael the Brave.
Muzeu Turda Among the pieces found at Potaissa great documentary value include scale weights verified and confirmed the imperial order (weight considered). The best weighing scales is unum Pondus bronze discovered in the excavations conducted in the building Command (main) V Macedonian legion camp.
The weight of the lead is poured into a brass coating and weighs 896 grams. On its surface is encrusted with silver letters an inscription which mentions the checks by Valerius Sabinus share of imperial order (Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta) by 198-211 years d.Hr: Leg (Ionis) V (quintae ) Mac (edonicae) P (IAE) F (idelis) P (Ondus) I (unum) / examination (atum) iussu d (ominorum) Trium / nostrorum / augustorum / Val (erius) Sabinus / Optio leg (Ionis) s (UPRA) s (criptae) d (ono) d (edit). owned by Turda History Museum (inv. no. 6607), the song illustrates the intense commercial activity conducted from the maximum economic development of the ancient city.